What States are Tax-Free for the Military?

by | Military Finance | 1 comment

Exploring the complexities of state taxes can be a headache, especially for military personnel constantly on the move. Wouldn’t it be great to know which states offer tax exemptions for military members? Understanding where you can save on state taxes can make a significant difference in your financial planning and overall peace of mind.

In this text, you’ll discover which states provide tax-free benefits for military personnel. Whether you’re stationed domestically or abroad, knowing these states can help you maximize your hard-earned income and simplify your tax obligations. Get ready to explore how you can benefit from these military-friendly states and make the most of your service.

Understanding Tax Exemptions for Military Personnel

Military personnel often face unique tax challenges due to frequent relocations. Knowing which states offer tax exemptions can help optimize your finances.

Federal Vs. State Tax Benefits

Federal tax benefits apply uniformly, but state tax rules vary. Military pay is often tax-exempt federally during deployments in combat zones. On the state level, some states provide full tax exemptions on military pay while others do not.


  • Texas: No state income tax.
  • New York: Exempts military pay if stationed outside the state.

Key Terminology in Military Tax Benefits

Knowing key terms helps you navigate tax policies.

  • Combat Zone Exclusion: Military pay earned in combat zones is non-taxable federally.
  • State of Legal Residence (SLR): Your legal state for tax purposes even though relocations.
  • Military Spouse Residency Relief Act (MSRRA): Spouses may retain their pre-service state residency for taxes.

Understanding these terms and benefits can significantly reduce your tax liability.

States With No Income Tax for Military

Certain states waive income tax for military personnel, offering financial relief, especially given the frequent relocations. Understanding these states’ policies can help in strategic financial planning.

Permanent Duty Station Locations

Your Permanent Duty Station (PDS) significantly impacts state tax obligations. States like Texas, Florida, and Nevada don’t impose state income tax on any residents, including military. If your PDS is in one of these states, you get to keep more of your hard-earned pay. Alaska, South Dakota, Washington, and Wyoming also join this list.

Non-Resident Military Pay Exemptions

Even if stationed outside a tax-free state, you still get exemptions in specific cases. States such as New Hampshire and Tennessee exempt non-resident military pay. Suppose your home state is tax-exempt, and you’re stationed in a state with income tax. In that case, you often avoid paying the latter, thanks to non-resident clauses. This aspect can be crucial for maintaining financial stability amidst constant relocations.

States With Partial Exemptions or Special Provisions

States sometimes offer partial exemptions or special provisions addressing specific circumstances for military personnel. These benefits contribute to financial stability and reward service commitment.

Combat Zone Pay Benefits

Some states recognize combat zone service and provide tax benefits. Combat zone pay can be excluded from state taxes in states offering these benefits. This can lead to substantial savings. For example, Pennsylvania excludes all active duty military pay earned in a combat zone or hazardous duty pay zone from state income taxes.

Special Circumstances and State Tax Credits

Certain states offer tax credits or special considerations for military members under specific conditions. States like New Jersey provide credits for property taxes for qualified veterans and their surviving spouses. Also, states like Maryland offer tax exemptions on a portion of military retirement income. These provisions vary by state but can significantly impact your tax liability.

How to File for Military Tax Benefits

Filing for military tax benefits involves understanding necessary documentation, meeting deadlines, and utilizing available resources for assistance.

Necessary Documentation and Deadlines

To file for military tax benefits, prepare the following documents:

  • Military Orders: Verify your service status and deployment.
  • W-2 Forms: Include military and spouse earned income.
  • State of Legal Residence (SLR): Ensure correctness for tax purposes.
  • Combat Zone Pay Exclusion Forms: Document combat zone service.

Deadlines are crucial. Federal tax filing generally follows the April 15 deadline unless extensions apply. Extensions like the Combat Zone extension grant an automatic 180-day period post-deployment. Verify state deadlines, which might differ, through local tax offices.

Resources for Assistance

Several resources can assist with filing:

  • Military OneSource: Offers free tax consultations and software like MilTax.
  • Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA): Provides in-person support to service members and their families.
  • IRS Website: Contains relevant information and forms specific to military personnel.
  • Base Legal Offices: Often provide free tax advice and filing services.

Use these resources to ensure accurate and timely filing, maximizing your eligible benefits.

Planning Financially as Military Personnel

Effective financial planning as military personnel entails considering unique tax advantages. Prioritize long-term strategies and avoid common tax pitfalls to optimize your financial health.

Long-Term Financial Strategies

Develop long-term financial strategies to maximize military benefits.

  1. Understand State Tax Laws: Research each state’s tax regulations, especially those offering tax-free status for military personnel. States like Texas and Florida provide full exemptions, allowing you to channel these funds into investments or savings.
  2. Maximize Tax-Free Income: Use tax-free income such as Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) and Combat Zone Pay. Reinforce financial stability by saving or investing these tax-sheltered dollars.
  3. Leverage Military Tax Credits: Position yourself to benefit from the Military Spouse Residency Relief Act (MSRRA) and State of Legal Residence (SLR) provisions, easing the tax burden on your household income.
  4. Use Military-Specific Financial Tools: Engage with financial tools designed for military personnel, like the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) and Savings Deposit Program (SDP). These options offer favorable terms compared to civilian alternatives.

Avoiding Common Tax Pitfalls

Avoid common tax pitfalls by staying informed and proactive.

  1. Misunderstanding Residency Rules: Clarify your State of Legal Residence (SLR) to avoid double taxation. Keep all necessary documentation current to prove your residency status.
  2. Ignoring Tax Deadlines: Prioritize meeting tax deadlines to prevent penalties and interest. Use resources like Military OneSource and the IRS website for reminders and assistance.
  3. Overlooking Deductions: Take advantage of all available deductions, including moving expenses and uniform costs. Neglecting these can result in a higher taxable income, reducing your potential refunds.
  4. Failing to Plan for Post-Service Transition: Prepare for the tax implications of transitioning to civilian life. Consult with Base Legal Offices or financial advisors to ensure smooth transitions and proper utilization of any benefits.

Carry out these strategies and avoid these pitfalls to optimize your financial planning as military personnel, ensuring a stable future for you and your family.


Understanding state tax exemptions is crucial for military personnel aiming to optimize their financial planning. By familiarizing yourself with state tax laws and leveraging available military tax credits, you can maximize your tax-free income and avoid common pitfalls. Effective financial strategies and proper planning can help you achieve a stable and secure financial future. Stay informed and proactive to make the most of the benefits available to you as a member of the military.


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