Understanding the VA Loan Funding Fee: A Guide for Veterans

by | VA Loans | 1 comment

Navigating the world of home buying can feel like a maze, especially if you’re a veteran or active military member. One term you’ll encounter is the VA loan funding fee, a crucial component of the VA loan process. But what exactly is it, and why does it matter to you? Understanding this fee is key to unlocking the benefits of VA loans, designed to assist you in purchasing your dream home with more ease and less financial burden.

The VA loan funding fee is a one-time payment that helps to lower the cost of loans for U.S. taxpayers by contributing to the program’s funding. It’s determined by several factors, including the type of loan, your military category, whether you’re a first-time or subsequent loan user, and your down payment size. Grasping the ins and outs of this fee not only clarifies your home buying journey but also ensures you’re fully prepared to take advantage of the VA loan benefits offered to you.

Understanding the VA Loan Funding Fee

The VA loan funding fee stands as a crucial component in the VA loan process, financing the program’s continued availability for future veterans and ensuring the loan remains cost-effective for American taxpayers. This one-time fee varies based on several factors, adding an essential layer to your understanding of VA loans.

When delving into the specifics, the amount of the VA loan funding fee hinges on the loan type, your military category, the size of your down payment, and whether it’s your first time using the VA loan benefit. Typically, the fee ranges from 1.4% to 3.6% of the loan amount, with first-time users generally paying lower rates than those using the benefit for subsequent purchases. Importantly, making a down payment of at least 5% reduces the funding fee, a benefit encouraging substantial initial payments.

Specifically, for regular military borrowers utilizing the VA loan for the first time without any down payment, the funding fee is 2.3% of the loan amount. For those in the reserves or National Guard, the fee starts at 2.3% and adjusts based on similar factors. Notably, some individuals are exempt from the funding fee, including veterans receiving disability compensation due to service-related injuries and surviving spouses of veterans who died in service or from service-connected disabilities.

For ease of payment, the VA allows you to finance the funding fee, incorporating it into your loan amount, thus spreading the cost over the lifetime of the mortgage. This option minimizes upfront costs, making home ownership more accessible for you as a veteran or active military member.

Comprehending the VA loan funding fee’s structure and its impact on your loan is pivotal. It not only affects your overall loan cost but also influences your upfront expenses during the home buying process. As you navigate the details of VA loans, factor in the funding fee to anticipate the financial implications of your home purchase accurately.

How the Funding Fee is Calculated

The VA loan funding fee calculation hinges on several key factors, directly influencing the overall loan cost. It’s tailored according to the loan type, your military service category, the size of your down payment, and whether you’re utilizing the VA loan benefit for the first time. This segmentation ensures the fee structure accommodates different borrower scenarios, reflecting their unique financial standings and service backgrounds.

  1. Loan Type: Different VA loan programs, such as purchase loans, refinancing loans, and others, come with varying funding fee percentages. For instance, a first-time Purchase Loan might carry a lower percentage compared to Cash-Out Refinancing options.
  2. Service Category: Your fee percentage varies based on whether you’re a veteran, a service member, a member of the Reserve or National Guard. Generally, members of the Regular Military face different fee ratios compared to those in the Reserve or National Guard.
  3. Down Payment Size: A higher down payment results in a lower funding fee percentage. Specifically, down payments of 5% or more on the home’s purchase price substantially reduce the fee, rewarding borrowers who contribute a larger upfront payment towards their home.
  4. First-Time Use: The fee percentage is lower for first-time users of the VA loan benefit. Subsequent uses see a slight increase in the fee, emphasizing the benefit’s value for first-time homebuyers.
  5. Exemptions: Importantly, certain individuals, such as veterans receiving disability compensation and surviving spouses, are exempt from the funding fee, offering significant savings.

To precisely determine your VA loan funding fee, you’ll multiply the applicable percentage by your loan amount. If opting to finance this fee, it’s added to your total loan balance, spreading its cost over the term of your loan. This method provides a clear picture of the fee’s impact on your mortgage’s overall cost, aiding in financial planning for your home purchase. Remember, understanding these calculation factors ensures you’re not caught off guard by unexpected expenses, securing a more affordable path to homeownership.

Funding Fee Amounts

Understanding the specific amounts for the VA loan funding fee is crucial in managing your finances during the home buying process. The fee percentage varies mainly due to three factors: the type of loan, whether you’re making a down payment and its size, and if you are using the VA loan benefit for the first time or subsequent times.

  1. Type of Loan: VA funding fees differ for home purchase loans, refinances, and cash-out refinance options. Generally, purchase loans carry a slightly higher funding fee compared to Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans (IRRRLs).
  2. Down Payment: Making a down payment affects the funding fee amount significantly. For example, first-time users putting down less than 5% on a home purchase loan are typically charged 2.3% of the loan amount, but this fee decreases to 1.65% for those making a down payment of 5% to 9.99%, and drops further to 1.4% for down payments of 10% or more.
  3. Usage Frequency: First-time users of the VA loan benefit encounter a lower funding fee compared to those using the benefit again. The funding fee for first-time use without a down payment is 2.3%, whereas for subsequent uses, it increases to 3.6%.

For those looking to refinance, the VA funding fee for an IRRRL is 0.5% of the loan amount, demonstrating the program’s affordability for adjusting your mortgage under better terms.

It’s essential to note, specific groups such as disabled veterans, certain surviving spouses, and active duty Purple Heart recipients are exempt from the funding fee, ensuring financial relief for those who qualify.

By accounting for these amounts in your budget, you can better prepare for the overall cost of acquiring a VA loan. Remember, the option to finance the funding fee allows you to include this cost in your loan amount, spreading it over the term of the loan and minimizing upfront costs.

Paying the VA Loan Funding Fee

Understanding your options for paying the VA loan funding fee is crucial in planning your finances when considering a home purchase or refinancing through VA loans. This fee, aimed at offsetting the costs to taxpayers, can be paid in several ways, providing flexibility to veterans and active military members.

Financing the Fee

Financing the funding fee is a popular option, allowing you to add the fee amount to your loan’s balance. This method avoids upfront costs, distributing the fee’s impact over the life of your mortgage. If you choose to finance the fee, remember it increases your loan amount and, consequently, your monthly payments.

Paying Upfront

Alternatively, you can pay the funding fee upfront at closing. This approach eliminates future interest charges on the fee, potentially saving you money over the loan term. It’s a preferred method for those looking to minimize their loan’s overall cost and can comfortably afford the upfront payment.

Rolling Payment into Loan or Paying in Cash

You have the discretion to roll the fee into your loan or pay it in cash, depending on your financial situation. Rolling the fee into your loan offers the convenience of not having to pay out of pocket immediately but results in a slightly higher loan amount. Paying in cash, however, keeps your loan balance lower.


Choosing how to pay the VA loan funding fee involves considering your financial situation and long-term plans. Whether you decide to finance the fee, pay it upfront, or roll it into your loan, understanding these options enables better financial planning and decision-making in your home purchasing or refinancing process.

VA Funding Fee and Loan Refinancing

Refinancing your VA loan presents another occasion when the VA funding fee comes into play, albeit under different conditions and rates than with your initial purchase. When opting to refinance, understanding how this fee affects your financial decision is crucial. There are two main types of VA loan refinancing: the Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL), often called a streamline refinance, and a cash-out refinance.

For an IRRRL, the VA funding fee is 0.50% of the loan amount. This streamlined process is designed for you to obtain a lower interest rate, thereby reducing your monthly mortgage payments without the need for an extensive underwriting process. The lower fee reflects the reduced risk and administrative costs associated with these loans.

In contrast, the funding fee for a cash-out refinance is higher, typically 2.30% for first-time users and 3.60% for subsequent uses. Cash-out refinancing allows you to refinance your current home loan and take out cash from your home’s equity. Due to the increased risk this presents, the VA assigns a higher fee.

Importantly, the same exemptions apply in the refinancing context. Veterans receiving VA compensation for service-connected disabilities, surviving spouses, and certain other eligible parties are exempted from paying the funding fee. This can significantly reduce the closing costs for eligible borrowers.

Remember, whether you’re looking to lower your interest rate or tap into your home’s equity, the VA funding fee is an integral part of refinancing your VA loan. Weighing the fee against potential interest rate savings or cash withdrawal benefits plays a pivotal role in your financial strategy. If you’re exempt, refinancing can be even more advantageous, removing an additional cost barrier.

Always consider consulting with a VA loan specialist to navigate the specifics of your refinancing options. Their expertise can guide you through the nuances of the funding fee and help you make informed decisions that align with your financial goals.


Navigating the intricacies of VA loan funding fees is crucial whether you’re buying a home or considering refinancing. Remember, the fee varies by loan type and your specific situation, especially for refinancing options like the IRRRL and cash-out refinance. If you’re exempt, such as being a disabled veteran, you could see significant savings. Always weigh the fee against potential benefits like lower interest rates or accessing cash. For the most informed decision, reaching out to a VA loan specialist is your best bet. They’ll guide you through the process, ensuring you make a financial choice that benefits you in the long run.


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