Understanding the First-Time VA Funding Fee: A Guide for Veterans

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Embarking on the journey of homeownership is a significant milestone, and if you’re a veteran or active military member, the VA loan offers a powerful tool to help you reach this goal. A key aspect of understanding how VA loans work is getting to grips with the VA Funding Fee, especially for first-time users. This fee is essential to the VA loan process, but it often raises questions among applicants.

For first-time VA loan users, the funding fee serves as a critical component, designed to offset the cost to taxpayers. It’s a one-time payment that can vary in amount, depending on several factors including the type of loan, the amount of the down payment, and whether you’ve used your VA loan benefit before. Navigating through the specifics of this fee ensures you’re fully prepared to take advantage of the benefits the VA loan has to offer, without any surprises. Let’s dive into what you need to know about the VA Funding Fee for your first-time use.

Understanding the VA Funding Fee

The VA Funding Fee serves as a crucial component of VA loans, ensuring that the program can continue to offer benefits to veterans and active-duty service members without imposing additional costs on taxpayers. This fee, applicable to both first-time and repeat use of VA loan benefits, varies depending on several key factors.

Key Factors Influencing the VA Funding Fee

  1. Loan Type: The fee percentage can differ based on whether you’re obtaining a first-time purchase loan, a subsequent use purchase loan, or a refinance loan.
  2. Down Payment: Making a higher down payment reduces the funding fee. For instance, first-time users putting down 5% or more can expect lower fees.
  3. Service Type: Your branch of service—whether Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Coast Guard, Reserves, or National Guard—affects the fee percentage.
  4. Exemptions: Certain veterans, such as those receiving disability compensation from the VA or eligible surviving spouses, are exempt from the fee.

Calculating the Fee

  • For first-time users purchasing with no down payment, the VA funding fee is typically 2.3% of the loan amount.
  • The fee decreases with a down payment of 5% or more, and further reduces with a 10% or greater down payment.

Why the Fee Matters

Understanding the VA Funding Fee is imperative for effective financial planning. It impacts the overall cost of your loan and, thus, influences your budgeting and long-term financial strategy. Knowing the precise amount of the fee and any potential exemptions you qualify for can save you money and ensure that you fully leverage the benefits of VA loans. Armed with this knowledge, you can navigate the home buying process more confidently, fully prepared for the financial aspects of securing a VA loan.

First Time Use Explained

When applying for a Veterans Affairs (VA) loan for the first time, the VA Funding Fee emerges as a critical component. This fee serves as an essential element in funding the loan program, ensuring that the VA can continue to offer these benefits to future veterans and active military members. For first-time users, the VA Funding Fee is calculated based on several factors, including the type of loan, the amount of the down payment, and the borrower’s military service category.

For those accessing their VA loan benefits for the first time without making a down payment, the VA Funding Fee is set at 2.3% of the loan amount for regular military members. Reservists and National Guard members see a slightly higher fee, marked at 2.3%. This rate reflects the VA’s need to balance the program’s sustainability with the goal of making home ownership accessible to service members.

Importantly, making a down payment can significantly reduce the VA Funding Fee. For example, a first-time user putting down 5% or more can lower the fee to 1.65%, and those able to put down 10% or more can reduce it further to 1.4%. It’s worth noting, however, that there are exemptions from the VA Funding Fee, including veterans receiving disability compensation related to their service, among others. Thus, individuals with qualifying conditions or circumstances might not need to pay the fee at all.

Understanding these details before applying for a VA Loan equips you with the knowledge to anticipate the costs involved and facilitates better financial planning. Your ability to navigate these fees and leverage the benefits of VA loans effectively hinges on recognizing the significance of the VA Funding Fee, especially for first-time users. Acknowledging this component’s role not only in your loan amount but also in the broader context of the VA’s support system for veterans concludes the essential preparation for securing a VA loan.

Comparing First Time Use to Subsequent Uses

Understanding the difference between the VA Funding Fee for first-time use versus subsequent uses is essential for maximizing the benefits of your VA loan. The funding fee serves as a critical tool to sustain the VA Home Loan Program, ensuring it remains viable for future generations of veterans and military members without using taxpayers’ dollars.

When using the VA loan benefit for the first time, the funding fee is typically lower than for those using the benefit again. This incentive encourages first-time use but also reflects the VA’s intention to make entering the housing market more accessible for veterans and service members.

For regular military members, the funding fee for first-time use starts at 2.3% of the loan amount with no down payment. A down payment of 5% or more reduces this fee to 1.65%, and a 10% or more down payment reduces it further to 1.4%. In contrast, for subsequent uses without any down payment, the fee increases to 3.6% for regular military. However, similar reductions apply for down payments of 5% and 10%, bringing the fees down to 1.65% and 1.4%, respectively.

Reservists and National Guard members face slightly higher rates, starting at 2.3% for first-time use without a down payment and escalating to 3.6% for subsequent uses. Down payments of 5% and 10% bring the fee down to the same levels as for regular military members, reflecting the VA’s acknowledgment of the diverse paths service members take in their careers and home purchases.

Exemptions from the VA Funding Fee remain consistent across first-time and subsequent uses, primarily benefiting veterans receiving compensation for service-connected disabilities. Additionally, surviving spouses of veterans who died in service or from service-connected disabilities are exempt, underlining the VA’s commitment to supporting those who have sacrificed for their country.

Understanding these specifics enables you to plan financially more effectively, leveraging the VA loan benefit to its fullest whether you’re buying your first home or looking to move or refinance.

How to Pay the VA Funding Fee

Paying the VA Funding Fee involves a straightforward process, crucial for completing your VA loan application successfully. You’ll typically have two main options for covering this fee: financing the fee into your loan or paying it in cash at closing. Each method has implications for your overall loan cost and monthly payments, so understanding these options helps you make an informed decision that aligns with your financial planning.

Financing the VA Funding Fee

Opting to finance the VA Funding Fee allows you to add the fee amount to your total loan balance. This approach means you won’t need to pay the fee upfront at closing, offering immediate financial relief. However, it’s important to note that financing the fee increases your overall loan amount and, subsequently, your monthly mortgage payments. Additionally, since the fee is now part of the loan, you’ll also pay interest on it over the life of the loan, slightly raising the total cost of borrowing.

Paying in Cash at Closing

Choosing to pay the VA Funding Fee in cash at closing means you’ll cover the full fee amount upfront, eliminating the need to finance it. This option decreases your loan balance and monthly payments since the fee doesn’t accrue interest over time as it would if financed. For many, paying in cash is advantageous as it reduces the total cost of the loan and provides a clear picture of the closing costs required.

Regardless of the payment method you choose, it’s essential to receive a clear estimate of the fee amount from your lender before closing. This estimate aids in budget preparation, whether you’re saving to pay the fee in cash or assessing the impact of financing it on your loan terms. Your lender can also provide guidance on the benefits and drawbacks of each payment option, ensuring you have all the necessary information to make the best choice for your financial situation.

Exploring Waivers and Exemptions

In navigating through VA loan benefits, understanding potential waivers and exemptions from the VA Funding Fee becomes crucial for veterans and active military members. Certain conditions can lead to a complete exemption from this fee, offering substantial savings when securing a home loan.

Eligibility Criteria for Waivers

Not everyone is required to pay the VA Funding Fee. You’re exempt if you fall into one of the following categories:

  • Receiving VA Disability Compensation: Veterans who are currently receiving compensation for service-connected disabilities are exempt from the fee.
  • Entitled to Receive Compensation: Veterans entitled to compensation for pre-discharge disabilities who haven’t yet began receiving them.
  • Purple Heart Recipients: Active duty service members who have been awarded the Purple Heart are exempt from the funding fee.

Special Exemptions

Apart from the standard waivers, special exemptions apply under certain circumstances:

  • Surviving Spouses: Spouses of veterans who died in service or from service-connected disabilities are not required to pay the fee.
  • Certain Reservists and National Guard Members: Members with specific disabilities or awards may also qualify for exemptions, subject to detailed eligibility criteria.

Process to Obtain Exemptions

To have the exemption applied, provide the VA Certificate of Eligibility (COE), which indicates the fee exemption status. Lenders use this document to verify your exemption during the loan application process. If you haven’t received your COE or if your disability claim is pending, working directly with your lender and the VA can ensure your exemption is recognized.

By leveraging exemptions and understanding your eligibility, you can significantly reduce the financial burden associated with purchasing a home through a VA loan. It’s advisable to discuss with your lender or consult the VA directly to confirm your qualification for any exemptions to the VA Funding Fee, enhancing your ability to plan effectively for homeownership.


Understanding the VA Funding Fee is crucial for veterans and active military members eyeing a VA loan for their home purchase. It’s not just about knowing the fee’s percentage but also how your down payment and first-time use influence the cost. Deciding whether to finance the fee or pay it upfront can make a significant difference in your loan’s overall expense. Don’t overlook the potential for exemptions. Whether due to disability, service-related honors, or being a surviving spouse, these waivers can offer substantial savings. Always check your eligibility for exemptions through your VA Certificate of Eligibility or by consulting with your lender. Armed with this knowledge, you’re better positioned to navigate the VA loan process efficiently, ensuring a smoother journey to homeownership.


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