How Long Are ASVAB Results Good For? Understanding ASVAB Score Validity

by | Joining the Military | 1 comment

Thinking about a career in the military? One of the first steps you’ll encounter is taking the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test. This crucial exam determines your qualifications for enlistment and helps place you in a role that suits your skills and interests.

But how long are your ASVAB results valid? Understanding the validity period of your scores is essential for planning your military journey. Whether you’re considering retaking the test or plotting your enlistment timeline, knowing how long your results last can make all the difference.

Understanding ASVAB and Its Purpose

Understanding the ASVAB’s purpose helps you align your military career goals with your skills and interests. The ASVAB test evaluates abilities and provides a pathway to various military roles.

What Is the ASVAB?

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a standardized test used by the United States military. It assesses your strengths in areas like arithmetic reasoning, word knowledge, and mechanical comprehension. Available to high school students and others eligible for enlistment, this test isn’t just for entry—it helps determine which military jobs suit you best.

The Role of ASVAB Scores in Military Recruitment

ASVAB scores play a crucial role in military recruitment. Each branch of the military—Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Space Force, and Coast Guard—uses these scores to determine eligibility for enlistment. They also match you with roles where your tested skills can be applied effectively. For example, high scores in electronics can translate to a job in advanced technology fields. Knowing your scores’ importance guides how you prepare for and use the ASVAB in your military journey.

Validity Period of ASVAB Scores

Understanding the validity period of ASVAB scores is crucial for planning your military career. These scores determine job eligibility and potential career paths.

How Long Are ASVAB Results Valid?

ASVAB results are valid for two years. If you don’t enlist within this period, retesting is necessary. This ensures your skills and knowledge reflect current standards.

Factors Influencing ASVAB Score Expiry

Several factors influence the ASVAB score validity period:

  • Recruiting Policies: Different military branches may have specific policies about ASVAB score validity.
  • Retesting Policies: Some circumstances, like improved scores on subsequent tests, may affect score use.
  • Military Needs: Changing military demands can impact the relevance of older ASVAB scores.

Knowing these factors helps you maintain eligibility and align your career path with current military requirements.

Impact of ASVAB Scores on Military Careers

Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) scores hold significant influence over your military career trajectory. They shape eligibility, job assignments, and career advancement within the armed forces.

Using ASVAB Scores to Determine Eligibility

ASVAB scores determine your eligibility for enlistment in various military branches. The Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score, derived from the ASVAB, serves as a primary measure. Each branch sets its own minimum AFQT score requirements: for instance, the Army requires a score of 31, the Navy 35, the Air Force 36, and the Marine Corps 32.

You can qualify for different roles with composite scores from ASVAB subtests. These scores combine to evaluate your suitability for specific military occupations. For example, a high score in arithmetic reasoning (AR) and mathematics knowledge (MK) might qualify you for technical fields, while strong verbal expression (VE) and paragraph comprehension (PC) scores appeal to administrative functions.

Repercussions of Expiring Scores on Recruits

Expired ASVAB scores, typically after two years, impact your eligibility and career opportunities. If your scores lapse, you’d need to retake the ASVAB to enlist or qualify for specific roles, which could delay your enlistment process and change career trajectories.

Recruits with expiring scores risk not meeting evolving standards if retests occur after significant time lapses. Recruiters may prioritize new candidates over those requiring retests, affecting your placement opportunities.

There remain stringent timelines for individuals who intend to re-enlist or switch roles. You must remain vigilant about score validity to avoid unnecessary disruptions to your military career path.

Retaking the ASVAB

When and Why You Might Consider Retaking the Test

Retaking the ASVAB can be a strategic move in your military career. Score improvements can broaden your job opportunities and align your qualifications with the requirements of your preferred branch.

Score Improvement: Higher scores open doors to better roles. If your initial test didn’t reflect your full potential retaking it could enhance your prospects.

Updated Requirements: Military branches periodically update their entry standards. If the requirements have changed since your last test consider retaking the ASVAB to ensure you meet current criteria.

Expired Scores: ASVAB scores are valid for two years. If your scores have expired you’ll need to retake the test to remain eligible for enlistment or role changes.

Preparing for a Retake: Tips and Strategies

Strategic preparation can significantly impact your ASVAB retake.

Identify Weak Areas: Review your previous scores to identify weak areas. Focus your study efforts on these sections to improve your overall performance.

Study Resources: Use official ASVAB study guides practice tests and online resources. Consistent practice helps familiarize you with the test format and question types.

Time Management: Develop a study schedule that allows regular, focused preparation. Effective time management ensures comprehensive coverage of all test sections.

Seek Support: Join study groups or participate in study forums. Engaging with others can provide new insights and enhance your understanding of challenging topics.


Understanding the validity of your ASVAB scores is crucial for your military career. Staying informed about the expiration of these scores helps you plan effectively and avoid potential disruptions. Retaking the ASVAB can open up new opportunities and ensure your qualifications remain aligned with current military standards. By preparing strategically and utilizing available resources you can improve your scores and broaden your career prospects within the armed forces. Always keep track of your score’s validity and take proactive steps to maintain or enhance your eligibility for your desired military path.


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